The Cat® 834, introduced in the mid-1960s, has set the standard for wheel-dozer design and performance for almost 50 years, ensuring customers optimum productivity, durability and availability through multiple life cycles. The new 834K now builds on the strengths of its predecessors with engine choices that tailor it for use worldwide, a completely new cab, drive-train refinement, new monitoring and diagnostic features, new safety features and structural enhancements. Available blade types include straight, universal, semi-universal and coal, ranging in capacity from 10.3 to 29.0 cubic yards (7.9 to 22.2 m³).
Production-focused power train
Rated at 496 net horsepower (370 kW), the Cat C18 engine used in the 834K is available in three configurations: Tier 4-Final (Stage IV) using a diesel particulate filter and a selective-catalytic-reduction system to control emissions; Tier 3 equivalent without after-treatment; and Tier 2 equivalent without after-treatment.
The C18 uses Caterpillar’s field-tested, mechanically actuated, electronic unit-injection system for precise control of fuel delivery, yielding optimum performance and economy in all operating situations. Fuel-saving enhancements for the 834K include engine-idle-shutdown and engine-idle kick-down systems, and the delayed-engine-shutdown system protects the engine from hot shut-downs. An on-demand, hydraulically driven cooling fan reduces horsepower draw for increased efficiency.
The Cat 4F/3R planetary power-shift transmission used in the 834K features a new Advance Productivity Electronic Control Shifting system, which is designed to provide greater machine momentum through shift points, enhancing performance and saving fuel. Forced-flow oil lubricates and cools the transmission’s high-torque clutches to ensure long component life.
For increased productivity and precise control, the 834K’s impeller clutch torque converter (ICTC) allows the operator to adjust rimpull from 100 to 25 percent in order to match hydraulic effort and rimpull to the operating situation. The ICTC system reduces tire wear and permits full-throttle shifts for greater productivity.
The 834K’s axles feature shaft-mounted, oil-cooled, multiple-disc brakes. The braking system can be equipped with auxiliary oil coolers for added protection. To reduce brake loads, an available automatic retarding system maintains a set downhill speed, minimizing brake use.
New operator’s station
The 834K features a completely redesigned operator’s station, with automatic temperature control, new touch-screen display with soft keypad, electro/hydraulic parking brake, and the Cat Comfort III seat with air-ride suspension and integral controls—including the Steering Transmission Integrated Control (STIC) that allows convenient joystick steering. Interior sound levels also are significantly reduced to a quiet 71 dB(A).
The 843K also is equipped with the Cat next-generation Vital Information Management System (VIMS™ 3G), which features a large touch-screen interface and easy-to-use navigation to keep operators informed of the machine’s operating conditions. The system, with data-logging capability, features an Ethernet connection module and an integrated Cat Product Link telematics system, which transmits data to a secure web-based application (VisionLink™).
Reflecting the solid design of its predecessors, the new 834K retains its massive full-box-section rear frame that resists torsional shock and twisting forces. Heavy-duty steering cylinder mounts are designed to transfer and effectively dissipate steering loads into the frame. Blade- mounting push beams have a “through-width” design, versus simply being attached to the sides of the frame, a design that dissipates the stress of blade corner-loading into a larger area of the frame.
New for the 834K is a redesigned rear-axle trunnion, now wider and bolted directly to the frame rails, eliminating the previously used intermediate casting and allowing loads to be more effectively dispersed. In addition, the 834K’s lower articulation point (lower hitch) has been strengthened with an increase in front-frame plate thickness and a significant increase in pin diameter in conjunction with a larger bearing.
Safety and serviceability
A major design focus of the 834K is operator safety, and to that end, the new model features a standard rearview camera, repositioned access ladders, full-perimeter railings and convenient ground-level panel that houses a stairway light switch, engine-shut-down switch and lockouts for the starter and transmission. Available for the 834K is the Cat Detect system, which supplements the rearview camera with radar sensors on the rear of the machine to provide both audible and visual indicators of objects in its working space.
The 834K’s routine service points are accessible from ground level or from large, skid-resistant platforms. Swing-out doors on both sides of the engine give ready access to daily maintenance items, and ecology fluid drains facilitate service and protect the environment. For added convenience, the Electronic Technician diagnostic port and the VIMS service port are conveniently located in the cab’s right console.
|Engine||Cat C18 ACERT™|
|Net power, hp (kW)||496 (370)|
|Peak torque, lbf-ft (N∙m)||2,092 (2 836)|
|Operating weight, lb. (kg)||105,271 (47 750)|
|Blade capacities, yd³ (m³)||10.3-29.0 (7.9-22.2)|
|Max. flow, gpm (L/min)||153 (582)|
|Max press., psi (kPa)||4,641 (32 000)|
|Transmission type||4F/3R planetary PS|
|Top speed, mph (km/h)||22.0 (35.4) w/ 35/65-R33 tires|